Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva Biography
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, more commonly known simply as Lula (Brazilian Portuguese: [luiz inasju lul d siwv] (listen); born Luiz Inácio da Silva; October 27, 1945), is a Brazilian politician and trade unionist. After having previously served as Brazil’s 35th president from 2003 to 2010, he is currently Brazil’s president-elect, and it is anticipated that he will be inaugurated as the country’s 39th President in 2023. Before finally winning the presidency in the general election of 2002 in Brazil, he was a founding member of the left-leaning Workers’ Party (PT) and tried three times before with no success to become president of Brazil. In 2006, he won reelection to his position. In May of 2021, Lula announced that he intended to challenge the current president of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro, in the general election to be held in 2022 for a third term as president of Brazil. On October 30, 2022, he won the presidency in a close race against Bolsonaro and was sworn into office. He is the first person to be democratically elected as president of Brazil three times, and the second person (after Getulio Vargas) to be elected to non-consecutive terms as president. He will be the oldest person in history to take office as President of Brazil when he does so at the age of 77.
While Lula was in office, sweeping social programs such as Bolsa Familia and Fome Zero were implemented. These programs were designed to fight poverty and elevate the status of the country’s working class. Lula was described as “a man with audacious ambitions to alter the balance of power among nations,” and during his time as president, he played a prominent role in a number of international issues, including activities related to Iran’s nuclear program and climate change. Lula was also credited with playing a significant role in international matters.  His administration was plagued by corruption scandals, the most notable of which occurred during his first term and were known as the Mensalo scandal and the Escandalo dos Sanguessugas [pt].
Lula’s legacy in Brazilian politics lives on in the form of Lulism, which was carried on by his successor, Dilma Rousseff, who was also his former Chief of Staff. It is said that he was one of the most of the most well-liked politicians in all of Brazilian history, and while he was in office, he was considered one of the most well-liked politicians in the entire world. Lula, who had been a smoker for the previous four decades, was diagnosed with throat cancer in 2011. She subsequently underwent chemotherapy, which ultimately led to a full recovery.
Rousseff attempted to appoint Lula to the position of Chief of Staff early in 2016, but the appointment was halted by Justice Gilmar Mendes of the Supreme Federal Court due to ongoing investigations into Lula by the federal government at the time.
Following a contentious trial in July 2017, Lula was found guilty of charges including money laundering and corruption and was sentenced to nine and a half years in prison as a result of his conviction. Later on, Sergio Moro, the federal judge who presided over the case, was appointed to the position of Minister of Justice and Public Security in Jair Bolsonaro’s administration.  Lula was taken into custody in April 2018, following the failure of an appeal, and he served 580 days behind bars. Lula made an effort to run for president in the election that took place in 2018, but he was disqualified in accordance with Brazil’s “Clean Slate” Law.
Lula was granted her freedom after the Supreme Federal Court of the United States decided in November 2019 that it was improper to continue holding inmates whose cases still had appeals pending.
In March of 2021, Justice Edson Fachin of the Supreme Court ruled that all of Lula’s convictions must be overturned because he was tried by a court that did not have the appropriate jurisdiction over his case. As a result of this ruling, all of Lula’s convictions were overturned.
The decision of Justice Fachin, which was upheld by the other members of the Supreme Court in April 2021, reinstated Lula’s eligibility to hold political office.
Later on in March 2021, the Supreme Federal Court came to the conclusion that the judge, Moro, who presided over his corruption trial was biased. By the 24th of June in 2021, all of the cases that Moro had brought against Lula were dismissed, making it possible for him to run for president once more in the elections of 2022. He went on to win the first round with the most votes possible and then went on to defeat Bolsonaro in the second round.
Luiz Inácio da Silva was born on October 27, 1945, although his birth was recorded as having occurred on October 6, 1945. He was born in Caetés, which was a district of Garanhuns at the time. Caetés is about 250 kilometers (150 miles) away from Recife, the capital of the state of Pernambuco, which is located in the Northeast of Brazil. His parents, Aristides Inácio da Silva and Euridice Ferreira de Melo, had a total of eight children, and he was the seventh of those children. Two weeks after the birth of Lula, his father relocated to Santos, which is located in the state of So Paulo, with Valdomira Ferreira de Góis, who was a cousin of Eurdice. He was brought up in the Roman Catholic religion. The mother of Lula was of Portuguese and, to a lesser extent, Italian descent.
When Lula was seven years old, in December of 1952, his mother relocated the family to Sao Paulo so that she could be with her husband there. They traveled for thirteen days in a pau-de-arara, which is essentially an open truck bed. When they finally arrived in Guarujá, they learned that Aristides had started a second family with Valdomira. Eurdice moved her family to a small room behind a bar in Sao Paulo four years after they had lived together in the same house for a period of time. This was because the two families of Aristides did not get along very well with one another. After that, Lula didn’t spend much time with his alcoholic father, who passed away in 1978.
Lula is a woman who has been married thrice. He wed Maria de Lourdes in 1969, and she passed away from hepatitis in 1971, when she was pregnant with the couple’s first son, who also passed away.  In 1974, Lula and his girlfriend at the time, Miriam Cordeiro, welcomed a daughter named Lurian into the world. They never got married, and he didn’t become actively involved in his daughter’s life until she was already an adult. In 1974, Lula tied the knot with Marisa Letcia Rocco Casa, who had previously been a widow, and the couple went on to have three sons together. In addition to that, he took custody of Marisa’s son from a previous marriage. Marisa and Lula stayed married for a total of 43 years, until her passing on February 2, 2017, which was brought on by a stroke.  He married Rosangela da Silva in 2022. When Lula was serving time in jail in Curitiba, Paraná, for corruption charges that were later dropped, he and Janja had the opportunity to meet each other.
Education and work
Lula received a limited amount of formal education. He did not learn to read until he was ten years old , and he left school after the second grade to work and assist his family. He did not learn to read until he was ten years old. When he was 12 years old, his first job was working as a shoeshine boy and a street vendor. By the time he was 14, he already had a legitimate job in a warehouse.
At the age of 19, he was working as a press operator in an automobile parts factory when he was involved in an accident that caused him to lose his left little finger. After the accident, he was forced to rush to a number of different hospitals before he was finally attended to by a doctor. Because of this experience, he now has a greater interest in becoming a member of the Workers’ Union. Around the same time, he started getting involved in labor union activities and eventually held several important posts within the union.
When Lula was working at Villares Metals S.A., he was motivated to join the labor movement by his brother Frei Chico, and he rose steadily through the ranks of the organization. He first won the election for president of the Steel Workers Union of So Bernardo do Campo and Diadema in 1975 and went on to win the position again in 1978. Both cities are located in the ABCD Region, which is home to the majority of Brazil’s automobile manufacturing facilities, including those belonging to Ford, Volkswagen, Toyota, Mercedes-Benz, and others. These cities are among the most industrialized in the country due to their location in the region. Lula was instrumental in the organization of union activities and major strikes in Brazil during the late 1970s, when the country was ruled by the military. The labor courts determined that the strikes were unlawful, and Lula was sentenced to one month in jail as a result. After the fall of the military regime, Lula, along with other individuals who had been imprisoned for political activities while the military was in power, was granted a pension that would last him for the rest of his life.
In the midst of Brazil’s military government, on February 10, 1980, a group of academics, intellectuals, and union leaders, including Lula, founded the Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT), also known as the Workers’ Party. The PT was a left-wing party with progressive ideas.
In 1982, he officially changed his name to include the nickname Lula.
In 1983, he was an active participant in the establishment of the Central Unia dos Trabalhadores (CUT) labor association. In 1984, the Workers’ Party (PT) and Lula joined the popular campaign known as Diretas Já! (Direct [Elections] Now! ), which demanded a direct popular vote for the upcoming election for the presidency of Brazil. At the time of the coup d’état in March 1964, each “elected” President had been a retired general chosen in a closed military caucus. The constitution from 1967 stated that presidents were to be elected by both houses of Congress in joint session, along with representatives from all state legislatures. However, this was widely considered to be nothing more than a sham because presidents had been “elected” since the coup. The demand from the public for a change in the electoral system was met with support from Lula and the PT. However, the campaign was unsuccessful because of a vote in Congress that rejected an amendment calling for direct elections the following year. As a result, in 1985, a civilian president, Tancredo Neves, was elected through the same indirect procedure with Lula’s support. Only four years later, as a direct result of Diretas Já! and after years of popular struggle, the elections in 1989 were the first ones in 29 years to elect a president by direct popular vote. This happened as a result of years of popular struggle.
Lula announced in May 2021 that he would run for a third term in the general election that would take place in October 2022. He would be running against the current President of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro. At the end of July 2021, opinion polls suggested that Lula would win easily against Bolsonaro. In a poll conducted in January of 2022, he had a lead over Bolsonaro of 17%.
In April of 2022, Lula made the announcement that Geraldo Alckmin, a three-term governor of Sao Paulo state who had competed against Lula in the presidential elections of 2006, would be his running mate for the upcoming election.
Lula da Silva finished in first place in the first round of voting on October 2, receiving 48.43% of the vote, which qualified him to advance to the second round alongside Jair Bolsonaro, who received 43.20% of the vote. Lula was elected president of Brazil in the second round of voting on October 30, three days after his seventy-seventh birthday. He is the first president in Brazil to be elected to three terms and the first since Getulio Vargas to serve more than one non-consecutive term. Getulio Vargas served more than one non-consecutive term. On January 1, 2023, he will take his oath of office.
Da Silva has stated that his primary commitments include the following: the reconstruction of the country in the face of the ongoing economic crisis; democracy, sovereignty, and peace; economic development and stability; the fight against poverty; education; the implementation of a National System of Culture; and the expansion of housing assistance programs.